7 things you should know about the Tour de France

  • Penang hotels full, florists overrun with orders for Karpal
    Penang hotels full, florists overrun with orders for Karpal

    GEORGE TOWN, April 20 — Some hotels here are reporting full occupancy as people flock to pay their last respects to the Tiger of Jelutong, Karpal Singh. Waterfall Hotel receptionist T. Kalpana,... …

  • Despite Karpal’s death, Anwar has five days left for sodomy appeal in apex court
    Despite Karpal’s death, Anwar has five days left for sodomy appeal in apex court

    The late Karpal Singh's funeral is today but his most famous client, Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim, has a more pressing matter at hand - to meet a deadline this Friday to appeal against his sodomy conviction by the Court of Appeal. The petition has to be filed in the Federal Court by April 25. Karpal, 73, died in a road accident on the... …

  • Karpal’s ‘angel’ Michael heads home to India
    Karpal’s ‘angel’ Michael heads home to India

    IPOH, April 20 —  ”Michael was nothing short of an angel”.  That is the poignant description given by Sangeet Kaur Deo about Michael Cornelius, the assistant to Karpal Singh. “From the day... …

  • In hour of grief, helping hands keep Karpal’s flame burning
    In hour of grief, helping hands keep Karpal’s flame burning

    GEORGE TOWN , April 20 — Since news first broke of Karpal Singh’s sudden death Thursday, a steady stream of volunteers have been turning up at the late Penang-born’s home at 144A, Jalan Utama here.... …

  • Umno MP admits to Facebook photos of Karpal in death
    Umno MP admits to Facebook photos of Karpal in death

    KUALA LUMPUR, April 19 — Under-fire Umno lawmaker Datuk Nawawi Ahmad admitted today to uploading photos of slain DAP leader, Karpal Singh on the Internet using his smartphone. The Langkawi MP... …

  • We love you, Tiger of Jelutong, grandchildren bid Karpal farewell
    We love you, Tiger of Jelutong, grandchildren bid Karpal farewell

    The late Bukit Gelugor MP Karpal Singh was given a moving tribute and farewell by his grandchildren tonight, who vowed to take up the mantle of Tiger of Jelutong. The 11 grandchildren, aged between 1½ years and 11, showed the media a poster which they had made together. "Singh is King. We love you, Tiger of Jelutong. We will miss you. Jangan... …

Why do riders need teams?

Only one person can truly win the Tour de France, but this is a race all about teamwork. Even the strongest rider in the world would be nothing without a good team behind him. In fact, riders are so reliant on their teams that the winner will almost always split the sizeable prize money (over €450,000) between his teammates. After one of his trademark sprint finishes, you will always see Mark Cavendish thanking his team for the hard work they have put in to helping him bag the victory.

Things you should know about the Tour de FranceThings you should know about the Tour de France

What different roles are there in a team?

Each of the 20 to 22 teams in the race consists of nine riders, each of whom have a specific job to do to benefit the team. Team leaders, or ‘captains’, are generally the strongest members, and the rest of the team will often be geared around helping them win. Everyone does this in different ways. For example, most teams will have; climbers, who are great at reaching the top of severe mountain climbs; sprinters, who specialise in sudden bursts of speed on flat sections; and domestiques, who carry water and spare equipment for their captains, whilst simultaneously protecting them from aggressive riding from other teams.

How does slipstreaming work?

So if captains are such talented riders, why do they need a whole team to help them win? Think of the Tour de France as a 40mph game of chess. Every move by a team is planned, practiced, and pulled off to achieve a specific purpose. For example, on mountain stages the team captain will usually ride in the slipstream of his teammates, where riding is estimated to be 30 per cent easier because of the reduction in air resistance. Teams will then rotate this role, which allows members to recover after a gruelling stint as the lead.

Why do the competitors ride in a pack?

You’ll have no doubt seen the large pack or ‘peloton’ that forms during stages, and might be wondering why the riders ride so closely together. This is all to do with slipstreaming and combating the effects of heavy wind. Depending on where the wind is coming from you’ll see the peloton change formation, manoeuvring to counter or take advantage of the wind. The close quarter action of the peloton means that riders will ‘follow the wheel’ of the rider in front of them, using their actions to navigate due to their blocked view. The peloton formation can also split and form echelons. The echelon looks as if the cyclists have fanned out, in a diagonal line across the road. As always, this tactic is to help the team gain an advantage in the race and the echelon protects riders from cross winds and thus helps the cyclists conserve energy,

What are the tactics behind sprint finishes?

The end of stage sprints are where tactics really come into play. Towards the business end of a stage riders will attempt to breakaway from the peloton with protection from their team. A lead out rider will head off first, with the team’s main sprinter behind him. All of a sudden, the lead out rider will move out of the way, and the sprinter will make a blisteringly fast dash for the finish. This is when you’ll start to see teams blocking each other, as each team tries to give their sprinter a clear run to the finish line.

What is the role of the sporting director?

All of the race tactics will be orchestrated by a sporting director, whose job it is to communicate with the riders throughout the race. The directors will carefully watch the race, and let their teams know exactly where everyone is, and whether or not a breakaway is worth chasing down. The most effective teams are those who can achieve perfect synergy with their race director, allowing them to react to developments in the race as quickly as possible.

What do Tour de France riders do during their rest days?

In some ways, the rest day for the Tour riders is misleading, as they usually use this time to go on a ‘gentle’ training ride to prevent their limbs and joints from stiffening, and to avoid their bodies thinking it’s time to relax. Rest days are also used for the recovery of wounds from any bumps and bangs the riders may have endured, expelling any build-up of lactic acid, and of course, lots of eating. Well, after burning thousands of calories each day, who would blame them?

Watch every stage of the Tour de France LIVE on British Eurosport, the Home of Cycling.
Available on Sky, Virgin Media and Eurosportplayer.co.uk
Read more on realbuzz.com...
Tour de France: The basics
Why the Tour de France should inspire the cyclist in you
Follow realbuzz on Facebook

Follow @YahooMalaysia on LINE for daily news updates.

Comments on Yahoo pages are subject to our link to Comments Guidelines. You are responsible for any content that you post. Yahoo is not responsible or liable in any way for comments posted by its users. Yahoo does not in any way endorse or support comments made by its users.

  • Langkawi MP unrepentant, continues insults on late Karpal, says Facebook user The Malaysian Insider
    Langkawi MP unrepentant, continues insults on late Karpal, says Facebook user

    A Barisan Nasional MP whose Facebook posting poking fun at the death of Karpal Singh shocked Malaysians has again insulted the late DAP leader, this time comparing him to a hostile figure in Islamic history who fought against Prophet Muhammad. Facebook user Shamsul Kamal Ariffin Mohd Nasir, 42, told The Malaysian Insider that Langkawi MP,... …

  • Karpal’s car crashed into lorry, not the other way around, says Perak police The Malaysian Insider
    Karpal’s car crashed into lorry, not the other way around, says Perak police

    Initial investigations have revealed that Karpal Singh’s Toyota Alphard crashed into a five-ton lorry in the accident yesterday that claimed his life and that of his assistant, Perak police said today. State police chief Datuk Acryl Sani Abdullah Sani also dismissed rumours and speculation that the accident was caused by the lorry crashing... …

  • Interfaith group ‘worried’ that ex-judge can have such ‘racist’ views The Malay Mail Online
    Interfaith group ‘worried’ that ex-judge can have such ‘racist’ views

    KUALA LUMPUR, April 19 — An interfaith group expressed shock today at the “racist” views of a former high-ranking judge who had called the presence of large Hindu and Buddhist statues in the... …