CHINA BERIKRAR KEKALKAN PERTUMBUHAN, LAKSANAKAN REFOMASI PADA 2014

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BEIJING, 14 Dis (Bernama) -- Pada satu persidangan ekonomi penting,

pemimpin-pemimpin China berikrar untuk mengekalkan pertumbuhan yang munasabah di

samping memacu reformasi pada 2014.

Satu kenyataan yang dikeluarkan selepas Persidangan Kerja Ekonomi Pusat

selama empat hari berakhir Jumaat menyebut bahawa negara ini akan terus

melaksanakan dasar-dasar fiskal dan monetari yang berhemah tahun depan.

Kerajaan akan melaraskan selanjutnya struktur perbelanjaan, mengamalkan

dasar ekonomi yang ketat, meningkatkan kecekapan penggunaan dana, menambah baik

dasar potongan cukai berstruktur dan memperluas percubaan bagi menggantikan

cukai perolehan dengan levi nilai tokok kepada lebih banyak sektor, tegas

kenyataan itu.

Meskipun akur ekonomi negara masih menghadapi risiko merosot selanjutnya

tahun depan, China berikrar untuk melaksanakan pelonggaran kadar faedah dan

reformasi kadar pertukaran, serta mengekalkan pertumbuhan bekalan wang dan

pembiayaan sosial pada kadar yang munasabah, katanya.

Bagaimanapun, persidangan itu tidak menetapkan sasaran pertumbuhan bagi

tahun depan meskipun penganalisis rata-rata meramalkan ekonomi kedua terbesar

dunia itu mungkin mangatasi sasaran 7.5 peratus pertumbuhan keluaran dalam

negara kasarnya (KDNK) tahun ini.

Tahun lepas, perkembangan ekonomi China menjadi perlahan kepada 7.8 peratus,

yang merupakan pertumbuhan paling lembap sejak 1999.

Menurut laporan agensi berita milik kerajaan, Xinhua, penganalisis menjangka

sasaran tahun depan turun kepada 7.0 peratus atau kekal pada 7.5 peratus.

Persidangan Kerja Ekonomi Pusat tahunan itu bertujuan mewujudkan suasana

bagi pembangunan ekonomi tahun depan dan dianggap sebagai satu daripada acara

ekonomi paling penting di negara ini.

Ia dipengerusikan oleh Presiden China, Xi Jinping, dan dihadiri oleh anggota

Politburo -- badan pembuat dasar tertinggi China -- serta pemimpin-pemimpin

dari

jabatan-jabatan kerajaan dan pihak-pihak berkuasa tempatan.

Tentang reformasi negara, kepimpinan berikrar untuk mengawal risiko hutang

tempatan dan untuk mendisiplinkan prosedur membuat hutang bagi kerajaan-kerajaan

tempatan, kata kenyataan itu.

Kepimpinan juga berikrar untuk menyelesaikan masalah lebihan kapasiti secara

inovatif, katanya.

China kini mengalami lebihan kapasiti dalam lima industri utamanya, iaitu

keluli mentah, aluminium elektrolitik, simen dan kepingan kaca, yang boleh

melembapkan pertumbuhan.

Pengumuman yang dibuat Jumaat lepas menggariskan enam langkah ekonomi utama

bagi 2014 -- memastikan jaminan makanan, mengurangkan lebihan kapasiti,

membendung risiko hutang, menambah baik pembangunan wilayah dan kebajikan

masyarakat, serta menggalakkan pelonggaran selanjutnya.

-- BERNAMA

NSW WGM KY

12/14/2013 14-46ST

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