SPEECH BY YB DATO SRI DOUGLAS UGGAH EMBAS, MINISTER OF NATURAL RESOURCES &
ENVIRONMENT AT THE ENSEARCH’S 10TH WASTE MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION 19
Puan Halimah Hassan
Director General, Dept of Environment
Encik Abd Aziz b. Long
President of ENSEARCH
Mr. K.N. Gobinathan
Chairperson of WM2012
Encik Habib Husin
Chief Operating Officer Malakoff Corporation Berhad
Encik Zamri Abdul Rahman
General Manager, Worldwide Landfill Sdn Bhd
Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen,
Good morning and Salam 1 Malaysia,
1. I am indeed honoured to be here this morning to officiate at ENSEARCH’s 10th
Waste Management Conference & Exhibition with the theme of “Wastes to
Opportunities”. I congratulate ENSEARCH in collaboration with Malaysian Society
of Waste Management & Environment for organizing this important conference and
would like to thank them for giving me the opportunity to be part of this useful
and beneficial event.
Distinguished guests, Ladies & Gentlemen,
2. Those of you who were here for the first day of this event should already be
aware of the impact of energy needs on the environment and the role that waste
management needs to play in both addressing the potential of generating usable
energy from waste as well as the need to manage the wastes from energy
generation. You would also be aware of the urgent need to upgrade and modernize
our wastewater management systems in order to recover potential sources of
energy and other resources of value. Today’s programme will cover Municipal
Solid and Hazardous Waste and explore the link between waste management and
climate change in Malaysia.
3. In 2012, it is estimated that Peninsular Malaysia alone generated 25,000
metric tons of municipal solid waste daily. The bulk of this is food (48%),
paper (15%), plastic (14%) followed by glass, metals and other wastes.
Regrettably, the primary means of disposing of this waste remains through the
system of landfills in the country. A total of 165 landfills remain open and
operating in Malaysia. Of these, eight are classified as sanitary landfills,
with another 11 sanitary landfills at various stages of construction. A further
131 landfills are closed and no longer receiving waste for disposal. Besides
these, at present, we have a single Refuse Derived Fuel plant, and 4 thermal
waste treatment plants; on Langkawi, Tioman and Pangkor Islands and in the
4. In terms of priority, the preference hierarchy remains clear. Avoidance,
reduction, and reuse remain the most preferred options; recovery and treatment
are next, with disposal and landfilling being the least preferred options. These
options have proven effective in case studies around the world, and are an
integral part of our current waste management policy moving forward. Our target
is both ambitious and clear. By 2020, we aim to reduce the amount of landfilled
waste by 40% and waste-related greenhouse gases by 38%.
5. In terms of scheduled wastes, Malaysia generated a total of almost 3.3
million, metric tons in 2011. This represents an increase of 6.3% compared to 3
million metric tons generated the previous year. In 2011, the primary scheduled
wastes were dross/slag/clinker/ash, gypsum, mineral sludge, heavy metal sludge
6. Of the total scheduled wastes produced in 2011, 1.6 million metric tons
(50.57%) were managed under special management approval as stipulated under
Regulation 7, Environmental Quality (Scheduled Wastes) Regulations, 2005. This
represents an increase of 38% as compared to 1.2 million metric tons in 2010.
These wastes are mostly from power stations and drinking water treatment plants.
7. Of the remaining scheduled wastes, almost a million metric tons or slightly
more than 28% were recovered for re-use; most of which was recovered locally.
Only a small faction (0.06%) was exported for recovery in other countries
according to Basel Convention procedures.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
8. One of the new stream added to the wastes stream today, are the end-of-life
electrical and electronic goods (EEE) and e-wastes (WEEE). These wastes are
relatively recent addition to the wastes stream which is attracting increasing
attention globally as the quantity generated is rising rapidly.
9. E-wastes management is a concern not only because of the tremendous increase
in its quantity but also because it has grown in increasing complexity. E-wastes
contain a lot of toxic ingredients such as lead, beryllium, mercury, cadmium and
brominated flame retardants. These are highly hazardous substances which may
pose both occupational and environmental health threats.
10. E-wastes can also be another source of raw material if it can be efficiently
recovered through environmentally sound manner. Recycling of e-waste also
contributes to the reduction of greenhouse gases because significantly less
energy is used when compared with primary mining.
11. Thus, electrical and electronic products need to be managed throughout their
lifecycle. Therefore, involvement of manufacturers and importers in in
implementing Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is important. Extended
Producer Responsibility means that producers bear a certain degree of
responsibility for proper recycling and management of the products that they
produced even after the products are used and disposed of".
12. In this regard, there is a need to develop capacity to manage recovery
efforts in a sustainable manner. Technologies are evolving rapidly in terms of
products, waste streams, and recovery processes. We also need to develop schemes
on the collection and segregation of e-waste, including take-back schemes, the
initiation of pilot repair, refurbishment and recycling schemes.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
13. In Malaysia, the quantity of e-waste generated from the industrial sector in
2009 was 134,000 metric tonne, covering 7.86% of total waste generated. While in
2010, the e-waste generation increased by 17.9% to 163,000 metric tonne,
covering 8.68% of total waste generated.
14. With the amendment of the Scheduled Waste Regulation in 2005, Malaysia has
so far managed to handle the e-waste generated from the industrial sectors in an
environmentally sound manner. However, we are still working on the management of
household e-waste as it requires an effective and efficient collection system.
Based on the report from The E-Waste Inventory Project in Malaysia in 2008
funded by Ministry of Environment Japan, the amount of e-waste generated from
household, business entities and institutions sector, in 2006 was 653,000 tons,
in 2007 was 695,000 tons and in 2008 it was 688,000 tons. On average, Malaysia
generated about 700,000 tons of e-waste from household, business entities and
institutions sector. Therefore, there is a need for proper collection,
segregation and recycling of e-waste system to be established in order to manage
the wastes in an environmentally sound manner.
16. To assist DOE in formulating the way forward for household e-waste, a pilot
project is being carried out in one of the states under JICA funding. This
E-waste pilot project is aimed at developing an appropriate, effective e-waste
collection system from households. The pilot project is expected to be used as a
model for expanding to the nationwide collection system. In the Pilot Project,
e-waste from household will be collected by appliances shops, mobile phone shops
and hypermarket chains and send to participating e-waste recyclers for
recycling. Data collected from this project will be used for nationwide model
collection system and policy development by the Department of Environment.
Distinguished guests, Ladies & Gentlemen,
18. Malaysia is well on its way to achieving the indicator that was announced by
our Prime Minister, YAB Dato’ Seri Mohd Najib Tun Razak in 2009 at the 15th COP
of UNFCCC in Copenhagen. Malaysia’s effort to reduce its carbon emissions
intensity of GDP by up to 40% of its 2005 levels by year 2020 has already made
important headway. It is interesting to note that one of the major contributors
to the reduction is in the area of waste management, for example harnessing palm
oil waste to generate electricity.
19. Malaysia is also currently developing a National Carbon Disclosure
Programme. Under this programme, corporate and government agencies will be
encouraged to measure and report their carbon emissions. This programme is
envisioned to be implemented on a voluntary basis at the outset to enable
corporations to build the necessary capacity and to put the needed institutions
and frameworks into place. This programme is envisioned to be trans-sectoral and
the active involvement of entities in the waste management sector will be very
20. While Climate Change is currently addressed under several different policies
in a number of different government ministries, this issue is part of the
broader ambit of Sustainable Development. Therefore, the issue of sustainable
development has to be addressed in parallel with waste management. Present
efforts such as the zero burn technique, biogas trapping, and the reduction of
waste discharge in the rubber industry are a testament to this linkage and the
co-benefits that are achieved. ENSEARCH theme for this year’s Annual Waste
Conference; “Wastes to Opportunities” further builds on this symbiotic
relationship and supports the three pillars of sustainable development; economic
growth, environmental protection, and social equality.
21. It is indeed encouraging that ENSEARCH has continued in its efforts to
enhance sustainable practices through its Annual Waste Management Conference.
This “Wastes to Opportunities” conference is a constructive step forward as it
provides a platform for stakeholders and society to engage in the issues
involved in transforming waste into a profitable industry. I am confident in the
near future we will see the emergence of industries converting waste into
wealth. We hope to see more constructive engagements like this to promote
technological advances and effective practices already in use around the world
that can be brought to local context via this forum. I look forward to more
collaborations and feedback from ENSEARCH, other NGOs and civil societies for
innovative better and more effective waste management industry in our country.
21. On that note, it now gives me great pleasure to officiate ENSEARCH’s 10th
Waste Management Conference & Exhibition.
SOURCE: Kementerian Sumber Asli dan Alam Sekitar
FOR MORE INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT:
Unit Komunikasi Korporat
Kementerian Sumber Asli dan Alam Sekitar
Tel : 03-8886 1585 / 03-8886 1728
Faks : 03-8889 4763